- Half of the world’s laborers are employed in agriculture.
- Labour rights are difficult to obtain due to geographical and social isolation.
- Agriculture is one of the top 3 most hazardous occupations.
- Poor Occupational health and safety problems led globally to 250 million accidents, 335 000 fatalities and 60 150 million occupational diseases in one year!
HAZARDS IN THE AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY
- Accidents trips, sprains, falls etc.
- Physical noise, heat, environmental etc.
- Chemical allergic reactions, environmental dust eye infections, pesticides
- Biological bacteria, fungi, etc.
- Ergonomics, physiological, organizational.
RECOMMENDATIONS TO ADDRESS THE HAZARDS
- Conduct surveillance of the working environment to identify all risks.
- Conduct surveillance of each worker’s health are your workforce medically fit to work?
- Provide information, train and educate each worker concerning their health in relation to their work.
- Implement first aid procedures and I.O.D management procedures.
- Implement general health and wellness programs.
- Provide appropriate PPE for each hazard.
- Ask suppliers to replace or substitute products with less hazardous environmental friendly products and to provide training more frequently.
*Globalisation and occupational health Globalisation , occupational health and the agricultural sector – Jonathan E. Myers, Professor and Director, MRC/UCT/UND Occupational and Environmental Health.
*Research Unit, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town Recommendation concerning Occupational Health ServicesAdoption : Geneva, 71st ILC session (26 Jun 1985) Status: Up to date instrument.